What is CBT?

CBT is based on the theory that thoughts, feelings, what we do and our physical sensations are all connected. CBT can’t remove problems, but it can be highly effective in supporting a young person to think and behave in more positive, helpful ways. As an active, skills-based approach, it encourages young people to develop alternative patterns of thinking and behaviour and to practise new skills developed in therapy sessions in their everyday life. Equipped with tools, strategies and resources, the overall aim of CBT is to help the young person to become their own therapist.

CBT has been subjected to the strictest scientific testing and has been found to be highly effective for a wide range of psychological difficulties. It is for this reason that CBT is recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) who provide independent, evidence-based guidance for the NHS on the most effective ways to treat mental health problems.

This information leaflet from the Royal College of Psychiatry explains more.

What kind of problems can CBT help with?

NICE recommends CBT in the treatment of

  • Anxiety disorders (including separation anxiety, social phobia, panic attacks, specific phobias, generalised anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder)
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Depression

There is also good evidence that CBT is helpful in treating many other conditions including:

  • Low self esteem and low confidence
  • Health Anxiety
  • Body Image problems
  • Physical Health problems
  • Eating problems
  • Anger Management difficulties
  • Sleep problems